Nosebleeds are often the result of minor nose irritation. Though they can be frightening, they are rarely a cause for concern. However, it’s estimated that about 10% of nose bleeds are severe enough to require treatment or medical attention.
When a nosebleed occurs it’s important to know what to look out for and when to seek medical care.
Causes can range from minor issues to serious health problems. They include:
- Nasal allergies
- Dry or irritated nose
- Picking nose or blowing nose too hard
- Foreign object stuck in nose
- Trauma from a blow to the head or other injury
- Bleeding disorders
- Extremely high blood pressure
- Taking blood thinners
- Certain genetic conditions
- Vascular malformations
- Head and neck cancer
When To Be Concerned
You should seek medical care if you experience any of the following during a nosebleed:
- Bleeding that lasts longer than 30 minutes
- Bleeding that is unusually heavy
- Feeling dizzy or weak
- Swallowing a lot of blood
- Having difficulty breathing
Additionally, you may want to reach out to your healthcare provider if you:
- Take medication or have a medical condition that prevents you from clotting properly
- Have a history of serious nose bleeds
- Have had multiple nose bleeds accompanied by headaches
Treatments for Nosebleeds
When medical intervention is needed, possible treatments include:
- Nasal packing, which involves inserting a gauze-like material into the nose to help stop the bleeding and absorb excess blood.
- Nasal sprays that can constrict the blood vessels in the nose and stop bleeding.
- Cauterizing the area of bleeding with a chemical swab or an electrical device.
- In some cases, surgery that involves tying off or blocking a blood vessel may be required.
- If your nosebleed is a symptom of another condition, like high blood pressure, treating the initial condition should help prevent future nosebleeds.
- If they are caused by medication, your doctor may recommend a different prescription or dosage.
- If your nose bleeds are caused by allergies, take medication and avoid triggers. This may mean taking an antihistamine before going to Lebanon Hills Regional Park.
- Use a humidifier or nasal spray to avoid bleeds due to dryness.
- Blow your nose gently when you have allergies or a cold.
For more information about nosebleeds, call the experts at Midwest Ear, Nose & Throat Specialists today.